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Chinese parents also used fingerprints and footprints to differentiate children from one another.
• In early Egyptian history, traders were identified by their physical descriptors to differentiate between trusted traders of known reputation and previous successful transactions, and those new to the market.
1896 – Henry develops a fingerprint classification system Sir Edward Henry, Inspector General of the Bengal Police, was in search of a method of identification to implement concurrently or to replace anthropometries.
Henry consulted Sir Francis Galton regarding fingerprinting as a method of identifying criminals.
The nascent field experienced an explosion of activity in the 1990s and began to surface in everyday applications in the early 2000s.
Timeline of Biometrics History 1858 – First systematic capture of hand images for identification purposes is recorded Sir William Herschel, working for the Civil Service of India, recorded a handprint on the back of a contract for each worker to distinguish employees from others who might claim to be employees when payday arrived.
Many of these new automated techniques, however, are based on ideas that were originally conceived hundreds, even thousands of years ago.
The first such robust system for indexing fingerprints was developed in India by Azizul Haque for Edward Henry, Inspector General of Police, Bengal, India.These measurements were written on cards that could be sorted by height, arm length or any other parameter. The other approach was the formal use of fingerprints by police departments.This process emerged in South America, Asia, and Europe.This created a need for a formal system that recorded offenses along with measured identity traits of the offender.The first of two approaches was the Bertillon system of measuring various body dimensions, which originated in France.